JAUNDICE (ICTERUS) IN DOGS
“Our Commitment To Your Pet Lies In The Quality Of Our Care”
It is not easy to diagnose jaundice in pets. We diagnose jaundice using a combination of clinical assessments, imaging technologies, laboratory analysis and the likes. Some of the causes of jaundice are indicated below:-
- Autoimmune haemolytic anemia
- Sudden onset of severe weakness and possible collapse in an adult dog
- Heartworm disease-postcaval syndrome
- Sudden onset of weakness and collapse
- Haemolytic bacteremia/septicaemia
- Depression, anorexia, weakness; may have history suggesting a likely source of bacteria, such as bite wounds (other common sources are dental disease, bacterial endocarditis, prostatitis, diskospondylitis, and indwelling venous catheters).
- Incompatible blood transfusion
- Depression, anorexia, occasional vomiting, history of multiple blood transfusions
- Parasites - Babesia
- Weakness, depression, lethargy, exercise intolerance, anorexia, epistaxis
- Parasites - Haemobartonella
- History of prior splenectomy
- Drugs or Toxins - Benzocaine
- Weakness, depression, lethargy, history of benzocaine use
- Drugs or Toxins - Onions
- Weakness, depression, lethargy vomiting, history of onion ingestion
- Drugs or Toxins – Thiacetarsamide
- Within a few hours of drug administration: depression, anorexia, vomiting
- Drugs or Toxins – Aflatoxins (molds from grain-type foods)
- Chronic lethargy, anorexia, weight loss, sometimes polydipsia and polyuria
- Drugs or Toxins – Mebendazole (Telmintic) Oxidbendazole (Filaribits plus)
- Within a few days of drug administration, anorexia, depression, dehydration and vomiting
- Anticonvulsants- especially primidone
- Takes 1-3 years of continuous therapy
- Usually takes repeated exposure to the drug; anorexia, vomiting, depression; more common in large dogs
- Usually a chronic course of lethargy, decreased appetite, sporadic vomiting and diarrhea
- Hepatic copper accumulation (hereditary in Bedlington terriers and West Highland white terriers); also reported in Doberman pinschers, Skye terriers and occasionally other breeds
- May be asymptomatic; early, sporadic anorexia and vomiting with weight loss; later, severe depression, vomiting and diarrhea
- Chronic active hepatitis - Drug induced, Infectious, Viral, Bacterial, Autoimmune, Copper accumulation, Idiopathic
- Similar to hepatic copper accumulation; may have history of drug administration
- Hepatic fibrosis (“cirrhosis”)
- Chronic course of depression, decreased appetite, weight loss, sporadic vomiting and diarrhea; in some cases, polydipsia, polyuria, abdominal distention (ascites), head-pressing, stupor, apparent blindness, and seizures
- Bacteremia/septicaemia (“reactive hepatopathy”)
- See haemolytic bacteremia/septicaemia
- Infectious canine hepatitis
- Severe depression, vomiting, weakness, sometimes seizures or collapse
- Hepatic neoplasia, primary or metastatic
- Chronic course of lethargy, decreased appetite, moderate to severe weight loss, sporadic vomiting and diarrhea; in some cases, head-pressing, stupor, apparent blindness, and seizures
- Acute pancreatitis-bile duct compression
- Depression, anorexia, vomiting, restlessness, sometimes after a fatty meal
- Neoplasm compressing bile duct
- Chronic course of lethargy, decreased appetite, weight loss, sporadic vomiting and diarrhea
- Traumatic rupture of gallbladder or bile duct
- History of trauma followed in 12-24 hours by depression, anorexia, and vomiting
- May be asymptomatic
- Intermittent episodes of depression, anorexia and vomiting
As you can appreciate the problems are many and will need to be identified. It is therefore recommended that your pet is seen by us at the earliest, to prevent the problem progressing and causing other complications. Early recognition and treatment means that your pet will recover sooner, and will therefore be far more comfortable. It is not only significantly more difficult to treat a pet in an advanced stage of the disease, as well as far more expensive, but one also has to take into account the significant pain and stress your pet is under by not being treated at the earliest.
We sincerely recommend that you please call us on 1300-838-738 (1300-VET-PET) to schedule an appointment at the earliest. We do not believe in berating our clients for presenting the pets late, as we believe that this is counter productive. It is not our intention to cause you any embarrassment, offence or anxiety. Our approach is now that you have presented your pet to us, how do we go forward from here, not only keeping your pet’s welfare at heart, but also working with your wishes and limiting factors. We do approach all cases presented to us with a level of sensitivity. As pet health care professionals we will present our assessment and treatment in a professional manner and factually as possible.
You may not be aware that in older pets multiple problems often arise as aging affects all body systems. As pets age they become increasingly vulnerable to diseases. The three leading causes of non accidental death in pets are cancer, kidney disease and heart disease. Older animals seldom suffer from a single disease. One problem may markedly influence the course of another. Ageing is characterised by progressive and irreversible change. Pets are likely to start having diseases associated with ageing between 7 and 13 years. Smaller dogs tend to live longer than large dogs. The quality and length of life of older pets can be improved through regular health checks (every 6 months). A thorough clinical examination will help define some of these problems.
Because we do care for the welfare and interest of your pet, we do go out of way to ensure that your pet can access medical or surgical attention in time of its need. It would also interest you to know that:-
- We do pride ourselves in the quality of our services.
- We do provide a 24 hour on call service.
- We also offer payment plans through a third party, provided you meet the criteria as set out by the financing institute.
- If you cannot bring your pet to us, we will come to you as we do have a fully equipped pet ambulance.
- We also do house calls.
- Your pet will receive a very high level of care given the level of diagnostic and monitoring equipment that we have on hand.
- We do welcome you to take a personal tour of our facility.
- We also provide pet grooming services
- We also provide puppy classes. Puppies are trained not only indoors, but also outdoors, being exposed to outdoor noises and traffic in a controlled environment. The puppy training classes are run by Ms Julie Pocknee.
- We do care for our wildlife, and work very closely with wildlife carers providing veterinary care where needed.
- We take an active part in community services and proudly support Service Dog Training, by way of providing veterinary services to working dogs of individuals with disabilities. Please see www.servicedogtraining.com.au
If you have not used our services before, we do suggest that you try our services and see the differences for yourself. From our analysis we find that over 30% of all new patients are referred to us by existing clients, and a further 25% of all new patients are brought in by existing clients. Our clients travel from as far as Camberwell, Clayton, Fitzroy, Ringwood, Chelsea, St Kilda, Port Melbourne, Pakenham, to name but a few. From the level of service we provide, you would come to understand that we are not your average Veterinary Services provider. We do recommend that you bookmark our web address www.petcarevet.com.au
Our staff are very friendly and courteous. We are very easily accessible. We are located at 234 Power Road, Endeavour Hills, at the intersection of Power Road and Heatherton Road, Endeavour Hills, just off the Monash Freeway. Please note that parking is at the rear.